unified

Project: syntax-tree/hastscript

Package: hastscript@7.0.1

  1. Dependencies: 0·Dependents: 50
  2. hast utility to create trees
  1. util 128
  2. utility 124
  3. unist 119
  4. html 110
  5. rehype 75
  6. hast 61
  7. hast-util 40
  8. virtual 20
  9. dom 9
  10. hyperscript 5
  11. dsl 5
  12. vdom 4

hastscript

Build Coverage Downloads Size Sponsors Backers Chat

hast utility to create trees in HTML or SVG.

Similar to hyperscript, virtual-dom/h, React.createElement, and Vue’s createElement, but for hast.

Use unist-builder to create any unist tree.

Install

This package is ESM only: Node 12+ is needed to use it and it must be imported instead of required.

npm:

npm install hastscript

Use

import {h, s} from 'hastscript'

// Children as an array:
console.log(
  h('.foo#some-id', [
    h('span', 'some text'),
    h('input', {type: 'text', value: 'foo'}),
    h('a.alpha', {class: 'bravo charlie', download: 'download'}, [
      'delta',
      'echo'
    ])
  ])
)

// Children as arguments:
console.log(
  h(
    'form',
    {method: 'POST'},
    h('input', {type: 'text', name: 'foo'}),
    h('input', {type: 'text', name: 'bar'}),
    h('input', {type: 'submit', value: 'send'})
  )
)

// SVG:
console.log(
  s('svg', {xmlns: 'http://www.w3.org/2000/svg', viewbox: '0 0 500 500'}, [
    s('title', 'SVG `<circle>` element'),
    s('circle', {cx: 120, cy: 120, r: 100})
  ])
)

Yields:

{
  type: 'element',
  tagName: 'div',
  properties: {className: ['foo'], id: 'some-id'},
  children: [
    {
      type: 'element',
      tagName: 'span',
      properties: {},
      children: [{type: 'text', value: 'some text'}]
    },
    {
      type: 'element',
      tagName: 'input',
      properties: {type: 'text', value: 'foo'},
      children: []
    },
    {
      type: 'element',
      tagName: 'a',
      properties: {className: ['alpha', 'bravo', 'charlie'], download: true},
      children: [{type: 'text', value: 'delta'}, {type: 'text', value: 'echo'}]
    }
  ]
}
{
  type: 'element',
  tagName: 'form',
  properties: {method: 'POST'},
  children: [
    {
      type: 'element',
      tagName: 'input',
      properties: {type: 'text', name: 'foo'},
      children: []
    },
    {
      type: 'element',
      tagName: 'input',
      properties: {type: 'text', name: 'bar'},
      children: []
    },
    {
      type: 'element',
      tagName: 'input',
      properties: {type: 'submit', value: 'send'},
      children: []
    }
  ]
}
{
  type: 'element',
  tagName: 'svg',
  properties: {xmlns: 'http://www.w3.org/2000/svg', viewBox: '0 0 500 500'},
  children: [
    {
      type: 'element',
      tagName: 'title',
      properties: {},
      children: [{type: 'text', value: 'SVG `<circle>` element'}]
    },
    {
      type: 'element',
      tagName: 'circle',
      properties: {cx: 120, cy: 120, r: 100},
      children: []
    }
  ]
}

API

This package exports the following identifiers: h and s. There is no default export.

h(selector?[, properties][, …children])

s(selector?[, properties][, …children])

Create virtual hast trees for HTML or SVG.

Signatures

(and the same for s).

Parameters
selector

Simple CSS selector (string, optional). Can contain a tag name (foo), IDs (#bar), and classes (.baz). If the selector is a string but there is no tag name in it, h defaults to build a div element, and s to a g element. selector is parsed by hast-util-parse-selector. When string, builds an Element. When nullish, builds a Root instead.

properties

Map of properties (Object.<*>, optional). Keys should match either the HTML attribute name, or the DOM property name, but are case-insensitive. Cannot be given when building a Root.

children

(Lists of) children (string, number, Node, Array.<children>, optional). When strings or numbers are encountered, they are mapped to Text nodes. If Root nodes are given, their children are used instead.

Returns

Element or Root.

JSX

hastscript can be used with JSX. Either use the automatic runtime set to hastscript/html, hastscript/svg, or hastscript (shortcut for HTML).

Or import h or s yourself and define it as the pragma (plus set the fragment to null).

The example above can then be written like so, using inline pragmas, so that SVG can be used too:

example-html.jsx:

/** @jsxImportSource hastscript */

console.log(
  <div class="foo" id="some-id">
    <span>some text</span>
    <input type="text" value="foo" />
    <a class="alpha bravo charlie" download>
      deltaecho
    </a>
  </div>
)

console.log(
  <form method="POST">
    <input type="text" name="foo" />
    <input type="text" name="bar" />
    <input type="submit" name="send" />
  </form>
)

example-svg.jsx:

/** @jsxImportSource hastscript/svg */
console.log(
  <svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewbox="0 0 500 500">
    <title>SVG `&lt;circle&gt;` element</title>
    <circle cx={120} cy={120} r={100} />
  </svg>
)

Because JSX does not allow dots (.) or number signs (#) in tag names, you have to pass class names and IDs in as attributes.

You can use estree-util-build-jsx to compile JSX away.

You could also use bublé, but it’s not ideal (jsxFragment is currently only available on the API, not the CLI, and it only allows a single pragma).

For Babel, use @babel/plugin-transform-react-jsx and either pass pragma: 'h' and pragmaFrag: 'null', or pass importSource: 'hastscript'. This is less ideal because it allows a single pragma.

Babel also lets you configure this in a script:

/** @jsx s @jsxFrag null */
import {s} from 'hastscript'

console.log(<rect />)

This is useful because it allows using both html and svg, although in different files.

Security

Use of hastscript can open you up to a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack as values are injected into the syntax tree. The following example shows how a script is injected that runs when loaded in a browser.

var tree = {type: 'root', children: []}

tree.children.push(h('script', 'alert(1)'))

Yields:

<script>alert(1)</script>

The following example shows how an image is injected that fails loading and therefore runs code in a browser.

var tree = {type: 'root', children: []}

// Somehow someone injected these properties instead of an expected `src` and
// `alt`:
var otherProps = {src: 'x', onError: 'alert(2)'}

tree.children.push(h('img', {src: 'default.png', ...otherProps}))

Yields:

<img src="x" onerror="alert(2)">

The following example shows how code can run in a browser because someone stored an object in a database instead of the expected string.

var tree = {type: 'root', children: []}

// Somehow this isn’t the expected `'wooorm'`.
var username = {
  type: 'element',
  tagName: 'script',
  children: [{type: 'text', value: 'alert(3)'}]
}

tree.children.push(h('span.handle', username))

Yields:

<span class="handle"><script>alert(3)</script></span>

Either do not use user input in hastscript or use hast-util-santize.

Contribute

See contributing.md in syntax-tree/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.

License

MIT © Titus Wormer