Project: syntax-tree/mdast-util-from-markdown

Package: mdast-util-from-markdown@1.2.0

  1. Dependents: 0
  2. mdast utility to parse markdown
  1. util 147
  2. markdown 145
  3. utility 143
  4. unist 133
  5. mdast 90
  6. tree 44
  7. ast 37
  8. mdast-util 31
  9. syntax 28
  10. parse 24
  11. markup 19


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mdast utility that turns markdown into a syntax tree.


What is this?

This package is a utility that takes markdown input and turns it into an mdast syntax tree.

This utility uses micromark, which turns markdown into tokens, while it turns those tokens into nodes. It’s used in remark-parse, which focusses on making it easier to transform content by abstracting these internals away.

When should I use this?

If you want to handle syntax trees manually, use this. Use micromark instead when you just want to turn markdown into HTML. For an easier time processing content, use the remark ecosystem instead.

You can combine this utility with other utilities to add syntax extensions. Notable examples that deeply integrate with it are mdast-util-gfm, mdast-util-mdx, mdast-util-frontmatter, mdast-util-math, and mdast-util-directive.


This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 12.20+, 14.14+, or 16.0+), install with npm:

npm install mdast-util-from-markdown

In Deno with esm.sh:

import {fromMarkdown} from 'https://esm.sh/mdast-util-from-markdown@1'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import {fromMarkdown} from 'https://esm.sh/mdast-util-from-markdown@1?bundle'


Say we have the following markdown file example.md:

## Hello, *World*!

…and our module example.js looks as follows:

import {promises as fs} from 'node:fs'
import {fromMarkdown} from 'mdast-util-from-markdown'


async function main() {
  const doc = await fs.readFile('example.md')
  const tree = fromMarkdown(doc)


…now running node example.js yields (positional info removed for brevity):

  type: 'root',
  children: [
      type: 'heading',
      depth: 2,
      children: [
        {type: 'text', value: 'Hello, '},
        {type: 'emphasis', children: [{type: 'text', value: 'World'}]},
        {type: 'text', value: '!'}


This package exports the identifier fromMarkdown. There is no default export.

The export map supports the endorsed development condition. Run node --conditions development module.js to get instrumented dev code. Without this condition, production code is loaded.

fromMarkdown(doc[, encoding][, options])

Turn markdown into a syntax tree.


Value to parse (string or Buffer).


Character encoding to understand doc as when it’s a Buffer (string, default: 'utf8').


List of syntax extensions (Array<MicromarkSyntaxExtension>, default: []). Passed to micromark as options.extensions.


List of mdast extensions (Array<MdastExtension>, default: []).



List of extensions


Markdown is parsed according to CommonMark. Extensions can add support for other syntax. If you’re interested in extending markdown, more information is available in micromark’s readme.

Syntax tree

The syntax tree is mdast.


This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports the additional types Value, Encoding, Options, Extension, Handle, Transform, Token, CompileContext, OnEnterError, and OnExitError.


Projects maintained by the unified collective are compatible with all maintained versions of Node.js. As of now, that is Node.js 12.20+, 14.14+, and 16.0+. Our projects sometimes work with older versions, but this is not guaranteed.


As markdown is sometimes used for HTML, and improper use of HTML can open you up to a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack, use of mdast-util-from-markdown can also be unsafe. When going to HTML, use this utility in combination with hast-util-sanitize to make the tree safe.


See contributing.md in syntax-tree/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.


MIT © Titus Wormer