Project: syntax-tree/mdast-util-toc

Package: mdast-util-toc@6.1.0

  1. Dependents: 0
  2. mdast utility to generate a table of contents from a tree
  1. markdown 154
  2. util 145
  3. utility 141
  4. unist 132
  5. mdast 88
  6. mdast-util 30
  7. table 13
  8. toc 4
  9. contents 3


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mdast utility to generate a table of contents.


What is this?

This package is a utility that generates a table of contents from a document.

When should I use this?

This utility is useful to generate a section so users can more easily navigate through a document.

This package is wrapped in remark-toc for ease of use with remark, where it also injects the table of contents into the document.


This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 16+), install with npm:

npm install mdast-util-toc

In Deno with esm.sh:

import {toc} from 'https://esm.sh/mdast-util-toc@7'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import {toc} from 'https://esm.sh/mdast-util-toc@7?bundle'


import {toc} from 'mdast-util-toc'

/** @type {import('mdast').Root} */
const tree = {
  type: 'root',
  children: [
    {type: 'heading', depth: 1, children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Alpha'}]},
    {type: 'heading', depth: 2, children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Bravo'}]},
    {type: 'heading', depth: 3, children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Charlie'}]},
    {type: 'heading', depth: 2, children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Delta'}]}

const table = toc(tree)

console.dir(table, {depth: 3})


  index: undefined,
  endIndex: undefined,
  map: {
    type: 'list',
    ordered: false,
    spread: true,
    children: [ { type: 'listItem', spread: true, children: [Array] } ]


This package exports the identifier toc. There is no default export.

toc(tree[, options])

Generate a table of contents from tree.

Looks for the first heading matching options.heading (case insensitive) and returns a table of contents (a list) for all following headings. If no heading is specified, creates a table of contents for all headings in tree. tree is not changed.

Links in the list to headings are based on GitHub’s style. Only top-level headings (those not in blockquotes or lists), are used. This default behavior can be changed by passing options.parents.


Results (Result).


Configuration (TypeScript type).



Results (TypeScript type).



This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports the types Options and Result.


Projects maintained by the unified collective are compatible with maintained versions of Node.js.

When we cut a new major release, we drop support for unmaintained versions of Node. This means we try to keep the current release line, mdast-util-toc@^7, compatible with Node.js 16.


Use of mdast-util-toc does not involve hast, user content, or change the tree, so there are no openings for cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.

Injecting map into the syntax tree may open you up to XSS attacks as existing nodes are copied into the table of contents. The following example shows how an existing script is copied into the table of contents.

For the following Markdown:

# Alpha

## Bravo<script>alert(1)</script>

## Charlie

Yields in map:

-   [Alpha](#alpha)

    -   [Bravo<script>alert(1)</script>](#bravoscriptalert1script)
    -   [Charlie](#charlie)

Always use hast-util-santize when transforming to hast.


See contributing.md in syntax-tree/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.


MIT © Jonathan Haines