Project: micromark/micromark-extension-frontmatter

Package: micromark-extension-frontmatter@1.0.0

  1. Dependents: 0
  2. micromark extension to support frontmatter (YAML, TOML, etc)
  1. unified 179
  2. markdown 155
  3. micromark 35
  4. gfm 21
  5. micromark-extension 17
  6. frontmatter 6
  7. yaml 6
  8. toml 3


Build Coverage Downloads Size Sponsors Backers Chat

micromark extension to support frontmatter (YAML, TOML, etc).


What is this?

This package contains extensions that add support for frontmatter.

As there is no spec for frontmatter in markdown, this extension follows how YAML frontmatter works on github.com. For the HTML part, instead of rendering YAML, it is ignored. Other types of frontmatter can be parsed, which will by default also work the same as on github.com.

When to use this

These tools are all low-level. In many cases, you want to use remark-frontmatter with remark instead.

When you do want to use micromark, you can use this. When working with mdast-util-from-markdown, you must combine this package with mdast-util-frontmatter.


This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 12.20+, 14.14+, 16.0+, or 18.0+), install with npm:

npm install micromark-extension-frontmatter

In Deno with esm.sh:

import {frontmatter, frontmatterHtml} from 'https://esm.sh/micromark-extension-frontmatter@1'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import {frontmatter, frontmatterHtml} from 'https://esm.sh/micromark-extension-frontmatter@1?bundle'


import {micromark} from 'micromark'
import {frontmatter, frontmatterHtml} from 'micromark-extension-frontmatter'

const output = micromark('---\na: b\n---\n# c', {
  extensions: [frontmatter()],
  htmlExtensions: [frontmatterHtml()]





This package exports the identifiers frontmatter and frontmatterHtml. There is no default export.

The export map supports the endorsed development condition. Run node --conditions development module.js to get instrumented dev code. Without this condition, production code is loaded.


Add support for parsing frontmatter in markdown.

Function that can be called to get a syntax extension for micromark (passed in extensions).

Supports YAML by default. Can be configured to support TOML and more.


Configuration (optional).

One preset or Matter, or an array of them, defining all the supported frontmatters (default: 'yaml').


Either 'yaml' or 'toml':


An object with a type and either a marker or a fence:


Add support for turning frontmatter in markdown to HTML.

Function that can be called to get an HTML extension for micromark (passed in htmlExtensions).

This makes sure nothing is generated for frontmatter.

Supports YAML by default. Can be configured to support other things.

See options above for more info.


Here are a couple of example of different matter objects and what frontmatter they match.

To match frontmatter with the same opening and closing fence, namely three of the same markers, use for example {type: 'yaml', marker: '-'}, which matches:

key: value

To match frontmatter with different opening and closing fences, which each use three different markers, use for example {type: 'custom', marker: {open: '<', close: '>'}}, which matches:


To match frontmatter with the same opening and closing fences, which both use the same custom string, use for example {type: 'custom', fence: '+=+=+=+'}, which matches:


To match frontmatter with different opening and closing fences, which each use different custom strings, use for example {type: 'json', fence: {open: '{', close: '}'}}, which matches:

  "key": "value"


When authoring markdown with frontmatter, it’s recommended to use YAML frontmatter if possible. While YAML has some warts, it works in the most places, so using it guarantees the highest chance of portability.

In certain ecosystems, other flavors are widely used. For example, in the Rust ecosystem, TOML is often used. In such cases, using TOML is an okay choice.

When possible, do not use other types of frontmatter, and do not allow frontmatter anywhere.


Frontmatter does not relate to HTML elements. It is typically stripped, which is what this plugin does.


This package does not relate to CSS.


Frontmatter forms with, roughly, the following BNF:

; Note: `fence` is an arbitrary, configured, fence.
frontmatter ::= fence *space_or_tab eol *( *code eol ) fence *space_or_tab


This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports the additional type Options.


This package is at least compatible with all maintained versions of Node.js. As of now, that is Node.js 12.20+, 14.14+, 16.0+, and 18.0+. It also works in Deno and modern browsers.


This package is safe.


See contributing.md in micromark/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.


MIT © Titus Wormer