Project: remarkjs/remark-breaks

Package: remark-breaks@3.0.2

  1. Dependents: 0
  2. remark plugin to add break support, without needing spaces
  1. remark 214
  2. unified 181
  3. markdown 154
  4. plugin 140
  5. mdast 88
  6. remark-plugin 82
  7. break 4
  8. newline 2


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remark plugin to support hard breaks without needing spaces or escapes (turns enters into <br>s).


What is this?

This package is a unified (remark) plugin to turn soft line endings (enters) into hard breaks (<br>s)

When should I use this?

This plugin is useful if you want to display user content closer to how it was authored, because when a user includes a line ending, it’ll show as such. GitHub does this in a few places (comments, issues, PRs, and releases), but it’s not semantic according to HTML and not compliant to markdown. Markdown already has two ways to include hard breaks, namely trailing spaces and escapes (note that represents a normal space):



Both will turn into <br>s. If you control who authors content or can document how markdown works, it’s recommended to use escapes instead.


This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 16+), install with npm:

npm install remark-breaks

In Deno with esm.sh:

import remarkBreaks from 'https://esm.sh/remark-breaks@4'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import remarkBreaks from 'https://esm.sh/remark-breaks@4?bundle'


Say we have the following file example.md (note: there are no spaces after a):

Mars is
the fourth planet

…and a module example.js:

import rehypeStringify from 'rehype-stringify'
import remarkBreaks from 'remark-breaks'
import remarkParse from 'remark-parse'
import remarkRehype from 'remark-rehype'
import {read} from 'to-vfile'
import {unified} from 'unified'

const file = await unified()
  .process(await read('example.md'))


…then running node example.js yields:

<p>Mars is<br>
the fourth planet</p>

👉 Note: Without remark-breaks, you’d get:

<p>Mars is
the fourth planet</p>


This package exports no identifiers. The default export is remarkBreaks.


Support hard breaks without needing spaces or escapes (turns enters into <br>s).


There are no parameters.


Transform (Transformer).


This plugin looks for markdown line endings (\r, \n, and \r\n) preceded by zero or more spaces and tabs.

Syntax tree

This plugin adds mdast Break nodes to the syntax tree. These are the same nodes that represent breaks with spaces or escapes.


This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports no additional types.


Projects maintained by the unified collective are compatible with maintained versions of Node.js.

When we cut a new major release, we drop support for unmaintained versions of Node. This means we try to keep the current release line, remark-breaks@^4, compatible with Node.js 16.

This plugin works with unified version 6+ and remark version 7+.


Use of remark-breaks does not involve rehype (hast) or user content so there are no openings for cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.


See contributing.md in remarkjs/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.


MIT © Titus Wormer