Project: remarkjs/remark-reference-links

Package: remark-reference-links@6.0.1

  1. Dependents: 0
  2. remark plugin to transform links and images to references and definitions
  1. remark 214
  2. unified 181
  3. markdown 154
  4. plugin 140
  5. mdast 88
  6. remark-plugin 82
  7. link 16
  8. definition 16
  9. reference 14
  10. image 13


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remark plugin to change links and images to references with separate definitions.


What is this?

This package is a unified (remark) plugin to turn links ([text](url)) and images (![alt](url)) into references ([text][id], ![alt][id]) and definitions ([id]: url).

When should I use this?

This project is useful when you want to transform markdown and prefer that it uses references and definitions. Long URLs in source code can make reading markdown difficult. References and definitions improve that by moving those URLs into definitions, outside of paragraphs.

This plugin is very similar to the alternative remark-defsplit. The difference is that that plugin generates identifiers based on hostnames of URLs and places definitions at the end of each section, whereas this plugin generates numeric identifiers at the end of the document.

A different plugin, remark-inline-links, does the inverse: turn references and definitions into links and images.


This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 16+), install with npm:

npm install remark-reference-links

In Deno with esm.sh:

import remarkReferenceLinks from 'https://esm.sh/remark-reference-links@7'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import remarkReferenceLinks from 'https://esm.sh/remark-reference-links@7?bundle'


Say we have the following file example.md:

# Pluto


## History

In the 1840s,
[Urbain Le Verrier](https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Urbain_Le_Verrier) used
Newtonian mechanics to predict the position of the then-undiscovered planet
[Neptune](https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Neptune) after analyzing perturbations
in the orbit of [Uranus](https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranus).

And our module example.js looks as follows:

import {remark} from 'remark'
import remarkReferenceLinks from 'remark-reference-links'
import {read} from 'to-vfile'

const file = await remark()
  .process(await read('example.md'))


…then running node example.js yields:

# Pluto


## History

In the 1840s,
[Urbain Le Verrier][3] used
Newtonian mechanics to predict the position of the then-undiscovered planet
[Neptune][4] after analyzing perturbations
in the orbit of [Uranus][5].

[1]: https://github.com/solar-system/pluto/actions

[2]: https://github.com/solar-system/pluto/workflows/main/badge.svg

[3]: https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Urbain_Le_Verrier

[4]: https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Neptune

[5]: https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranus

👉 Note: observe that definitions are added at the end of the document and that IDs are numeric identifiers.


This package exports no identifiers. The default export is remarkReferenceLinks.

Change links and images to references with separate definitions.


There are no parameters.


Transform (Transformer).


This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports no additional options.


Projects maintained by the unified collective are compatible with maintained versions of Node.js.

When we cut a new major release, we drop support for unmaintained versions of Node. This means we try to keep the current release line, remark-reference-links@^7, compatible with Node.js 16.

This plugin works with unified version 3+ and remark version 4+.


Use of remark-reference-links does not involve rehype (hast) or user content so there are no openings for cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.


See contributing.md in remarkjs/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.


MIT © Titus Wormer