Project: retextjs/retext-quotes

Package: retext-quotes@5.2.0

  1. Dependents: 0
  2. retext plugin to check quotes and apostrophes
  1. unified 181
  2. plugin 140
  3. retext 42
  4. retext-plugin 26
  5. apostrophe 2


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retext plugin to check quotes and apostrophes.


What is this?

This package is a unified (retext) plugin to check quotes and apostrophes. It warns if their style ("straight" or “smart”) or level of nesting is not the preferred style.

When should I use this?

You can opt-into this plugin when you’re dealing with content that might contain punctuation mistakes, and have authors that can fix that content.


This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 16+), install with npm:

npm install retext-quotes

In Deno with esm.sh:

import retextQuotes from 'https://esm.sh/retext-quotes@6'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import retextQuotes from 'https://esm.sh/retext-quotes@6?bundle'


Say our document example.txt contains:

A sentence "with quotes, 'nested' quotes,
and '80s apostrophes."

…and our module example.js contains:

import retextEnglish from 'retext-english'
import retextQuotes from 'retext-quotes'
import retextStringify from 'retext-stringify'
import {unified} from 'unified'
import {read} from 'to-vfile'
import {reporter} from 'vfile-reporter'

const file = await unified()
  .process(await read('example.txt'))


…then running node example.js yields:

  1:12-1:13  warning  Expected a smart quote: `“`, not `"`       quote       retext-quotes
  1:26-1:27  warning  Expected a smart quote: `‘`, not `'`       quote       retext-quotes
  1:33-1:34  warning  Expected a smart quote: `’`, not `'`       quote       retext-quotes
    2:5-2:6  warning  Expected a smart apostrophe: `’`, not `'`  apostrophe  retext-quotes
  2:22-2:23  warning  Expected a smart quote: `”`, not `"`       quote       retext-quotes

⚠ 5 warnings


This package exports no identifiers. The default export is retextQuotes.

unified().use(retextQuotes[, options])

Check quotes and apostrophes.


Transform (Transformer).


This plugin knows about apostrophes as well and prefers ' when preferred: 'straight', and otherwise.

The values in straight and smart can be one or two characters. When two, the first character determines the opening quote and the second the closing quote at that level. When one, both the opening and closing quote are that character.

The order in which the preferred quotes appear in their respective list determines which quotes to use at which level of nesting. So, to prefer ‘’ at the first level of nesting, and “” at the second, pass: smart: ['‘’', '“”'].

If quotes are nested deeper than the given amount of quotes, the markers wrap around: a third level of nesting when using smart: ['«»', '‹›'] should have double guillemets, a fourth single, a fifth double again, etc.


Configuration (TypeScript type).



Each message is emitted as a VFileMessage on file, with source set to 'retext-quotes', ruleId to 'apostrophe' or 'quote', actual to the unexpected character, and expected to suggestions.


This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports the additional type Options.


Projects maintained by the unified collective are compatible with maintained versions of Node.js.

When we cut a new major release, we drop support for unmaintained versions of Node. This means we try to keep the current release line, retext-quotes@^6, compatible with Node.js 16.


See contributing.md in retextjs/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.


MIT © Titus Wormer