unified

Project:vfile/vfile

Package:vfile@4.1.0

  1. Dependencies:5·Dependents:92
  2. Virtual file format for text processing
  1. remark 181
  2. rehype 70
  3. retext 33
  4. file 24
  5. virtual 21
  6. vfile 17
  7. text 13
  8. message 8
  9. processing 3
  10. warning 2
  11. error 2

vfile

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vfile is a virtual file format part of the unified collective.

Intro

vfile is a virtual file format used by unified, a text processing umbrella (it powers retext for natural language, remark for markdown, and rehype for HTML). Each processors that parse, transform, and compile text, and need a virtual representation of files and a place to store messages about them. Plus, they work in the browser. vfile provides these requirements at a small size.

vfile is different from the excellent vinyl in that it has a smaller API, a smaller size, and focuses on messages.

vfile can be used anywhere where files need a lightweight representation. For example, it’s used in:

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Read more about the unified collective on Medium »

Install

npm:

npm install vfile

Contents

Use

var vfile = require('vfile')

var file = vfile({path: '~/example.txt', contents: 'Alpha *braavo* charlie.'})

file.path // => '~/example.txt'
file.dirname // => '~'

file.extname = '.md'

file.basename // => 'example.md'

file.basename = 'index.text'

file.history // => ['~/example.txt', '~/example.md', '~/index.text']

file.message('`braavo` is misspelt; did you mean `bravo`?', {
  line: 1,
  column: 8
})

console.log(file.messages)

Yields:

[ { [~/index.text:1:8: `braavo` is misspelt; did you mean `bravo`?]
    message: '`braavo` is misspelt; did you mean `bravo`?',
    name: '~/index.text:1:8',
    file: '~/index.text',
    reason: '`braavo` is misspelt; did you mean `bravo`?',
    line: 1,
    column: 8,
    location: { start: [Object], end: [Object] },
    ruleId: null,
    source: null,
    fatal: false } ]

API

VFile([options])

Create a new virtual file. If options is string or Buffer, treats it as {contents: options}. If options is a VFile, returns it. All other options are set on the newly created vfile.

Path related properties are set in the following order (least specific to most specific): history, path, basename, stem, extname, dirname.

It’s not possible to set either dirname or extname without setting either history, path, basename, or stem as well.

Example
vfile()
vfile('console.log("alpha");')
vfile(Buffer.from('exit 1'))
vfile({path: path.join(__dirname, 'readme.md')})
vfile({stem: 'readme', extname: '.md', dirname: __dirname})
vfile({other: 'properties', are: 'copied', ov: {e: 'r'}})

vfile.contents

Buffer, string, null — Raw value.

vfile.cwd

string — Base of path. Defaults to process.cwd().

vfile.path

string? — Path of vfile. Cannot be nullified.

vfile.basename

string? — Current name (including extension) of vfile. Cannot contain path separators. Cannot be nullified either (use file.path = file.dirname instead).

vfile.stem

string? — Name (without extension) of vfile. Cannot be nullified, and cannot contain path separators.

vfile.extname

string? — Extension (with dot) of vfile. Cannot be set if there’s no path yet and cannot contain path separators.

vfile.dirname

string? — Path to parent directory of vfile. Cannot be set if there’s no path yet.

vfile.history

Array.<string> — List of file-paths the file moved between.

vfile.messages

Array.<VMessage> — List of messages associated with the file.

vfile.data

Object — Place to store custom information. It’s OK to store custom data directly on the vfile, moving it to data gives a little more privacy.

VFile#toString([encoding])

Convert contents of vfile to string. If contents is a buffer, encoding is used to stringify buffers (default: 'utf8').

VFile#message(reason[, position][, origin])

Associates a message with the file, where fatal is set to false. Constructs a new VMessage and adds it to vfile.messages.

Returns

VMessage.

VFile#info(reason[, position][, origin])

Associates an informational message with the file, where fatal is set to null. Calls #message() internally.

Returns

VMessage.

VFile#fail(reason[, position][, origin])

Associates a fatal message with the file, then immediately throws it. Note: fatal errors mean a file is no longer processable. Calls #message() internally.

Throws

VMessage.

Utilities

The following list of projects includes tools for working with virtual files. See unist for projects working with nodes.

Reporters

The following list of projects show linting results for given virtual files. Reporters must accept Array.<VFile> as their first argument, and return string. Reporters may accept other values too, in which case it’s suggested to stick to vfile-reporters interface.

Contribute

See contributing.md in vfile/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help. Ideas for new utilities and tools can be posted in vfile/ideas.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.

Acknowledgments

The initial release of this project was authored by @wooorm.

Thanks to @contra, @phated, and others for their work on Vinyl, which was a huge inspiration.

Thanks to @brendo, @shinnn, @KyleAMathews, @sindresorhus, and @denysdovhan for contributing commits since!

License

MIT © Titus Wormer