unified

Project: syntax-tree/xastscript

Package: xastscript@3.0.0

  1. Dependents: 0
  2. xast utility to create trees
  1. util 147
  2. utility 143
  3. unist 133
  4. markup 19
  5. language 12
  6. xml 10
  7. xast 8
  8. xast-util 7
  9. dsl 5
  10. extensible 2

xastscript

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xast utility to create trees with ease.

Contents

What is this?

This package is a hyperscript interface (like createElement from React and such) to help with creating xast trees.

When should I use this?

You can use this utility in your project when you generate xast syntax trees with code. It helps because it replaces most of the repetition otherwise needed in a syntax tree with function calls.

You can instead use unist-builder when creating any unist nodes and hastscript when creating hast (HTML) nodes.

Install

This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 12.20+, 14.14+, 16.0+, 18.0+), install with npm:

npm install xastscript

In Deno with esm.sh:

import {x} from 'https://esm.sh/xastscript@3'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import {x} from 'https://esm.sh/xastscript@3?bundle'
</script>

Use

import {u} from 'unist-builder'
import {x} from 'xastscript'

// Children as an array:
console.log(
  x('album', {id: 123}, [
    x('name', 'Born in the U.S.A.'),
    x('artist', 'Bruce Springsteen'),
    x('releasedate', '1984-04-06')
  ])
)

// Children as arguments:
console.log(
  x(
    'album',
    {id: 123},
    x('name', 'Exile in Guyville'),
    x('artist', 'Liz Phair'),
    x('releasedate', '1993-06-22')
  )
)

// For other xast nodes, such as comments, instructions, doctypes, or cdata
// can be created with unist-builder:
console.log(
  x(null, [
    u('instruction', {name: 'xml'}, 'version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"'),
    x('album', [
      u('comment', 'Great album!'),
      x('name', 'Born in the U.S.A.'),
      x('description', [u('cdata', '3 < 5 & 8 > 13')])
    ])
  ])
)

Yields:

{
  type: 'element',
  name: 'album',
  attributes: {id: '123'},
  children: [
    {
      type: 'element',
      name: 'name',
      attributes: {},
      children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Born in the U.S.A.'}]
    },
    {
      type: 'element',
      name: 'artist',
      attributes: {},
      children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Bruce Springsteen'}]
    },
    {
      type: 'element',
      name: 'releasedate',
      attributes: {},
      children: [{type: 'text', value: '1984-04-06'}]
    }
  ]
}
{
  type: 'element',
  name: 'album',
  attributes: {id: '123'},
  children: [
    {
      type: 'element',
      name: 'name',
      attributes: {},
      children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Exile in Guyville'}]
    },
    {
      type: 'element',
      name: 'artist',
      attributes: {},
      children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Liz Phair'}]
    },
    {
      type: 'element',
      name: 'releasedate',
      attributes: {},
      children: [{type: 'text', value: '1993-06-22'}]
    }
  ]
}
{
  type: 'root',
  children: [
    {type: 'instruction', name: 'xml', value: 'version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"'},
    {
      type: 'element',
      name: 'album',
      attributes: {},
      children: [
        {type: 'comment', value: 'Great album!'},
        {
          type: 'element',
          name: 'name',
          attributes: {},
          children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Born in the U.S.A.'}]
        },
        {
          type: 'element',
          name: 'description',
          attributes: {},
          children: [{type: 'cdata', value: '3 < 5 & 8 > 13'}]
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

API

This package exports the identifier x. There is no default export.

The export map supports the automatic JSX runtime. You can pass xastscript to your build tool (TypeScript, Babel, SWC) as with an importSource option or similar.

x(name?[, attributes][, …children])

Create xast trees.

Signatures
Parameters
name

Qualified name (string, optional). Case sensitive and can contain a namespace prefix (such as rdf:RDF). When string, an Element is built. When nullish, a Root is built instead.

attributes

Map of attributes (Record<string, string|number|boolean|null|undefined>, optional). Nullish (null or undefined) or NaN values are ignored, other values are turned to strings.

Cannot be given if building a Root. Cannot be omitted when building an Element if the first child is a Node.

children

(Lists of) children (string, number, Node, Array<children>, optional). When strings or numbers are encountered, they are mapped to Text nodes. If a Root node is encountered, its children are used instead.

Returns

Element or Root.

JSX

xastscript can be used with JSX. Either use the automatic runtime set to xastscript or import x yourself and define it as the pragma (plus set the fragment to null).

The example above (omitting the second) can then be written like so:

/** @jsxImportSource x */
import {u} from 'unist-builder'

console.log(
  <album id={123}>
    <name>Born in the U.S.A.</name>
    <artist>Bruce Springsteen</artist>
    <releasedate>1984-04-06</releasedate>
  </album>
)

console.log(
  <>
    {u('instruction', {name: 'xml'}, 'version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"')}
    <album>
      {u('comment', 'Great album!')}
      <name>Born in the U.S.A.</name>
      <description>{u('cdata', '3 < 5 & 8 > 13')}</description>
    </album>
  </>
)

You can use estree-util-build-jsx to compile JSX away.

For Babel, use @babel/plugin-transform-react-jsx and either pass pragma: 'x' and pragmaFrag: 'null', or pass importSource: 'xastscript'. Alternatively, Babel also lets you configure this with a comment: Babel also lets you configure this from code:

/** @jsx x @jsxFrag null */
import {x} from 'xastscript'

console.log(<music />)

For TypeScript, this can be done by setting "jsx": "react", "jsxFactory": "x", and "jsxFragmentFactory": "null" in the compiler options. For more details on configuring JSX for TypeScript, see the TypeScript JSX handbook page. TypeScript also lets you configure this from code as shown with Babel above.

Types

This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports the additional types Child and Attributes.

Compatibility

Projects maintained by the unified collective are compatible with all maintained versions of Node.js. As of now, that is Node.js 12.20+, 14.14+, 16.0+, and 18.0+. Our projects sometimes work with older versions, but this is not guaranteed.

Security

XML can be a dangerous language: don’t trust user-provided data.

Contribute

See contributing.md in syntax-tree/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.

License

MIT © Titus Wormer